Local Flood Funding Must Protect Infrastructure As Well As Homes26th May, 2011
New localised approach will require ?unprecedented collaboration?
The proposed new approach to funding local flood schemes whereby grants are largely allocated according to the number of households protected must be extended to ensure critical infrastructure assets are not left vulnerable, a report published by the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) today has said.
In the report, Flood Risk Management: A Local Issue of National Importance, the leading engineering body stresses that while flooding is largely a localised issue it can have significant national consequences, particularly the impact on interdependent economic infrastructure that underpin local and national economies such as power, transport, waste and water supplies. The 2007 summer floods cost the UK ?3.2 bn with an additional ?660m in damage to critical infrastructure and key services.
In the proposed shift to a ?payment for outcomes? approach projects would be allocated varying levels of central funding largely according to the number of households protected. Supplementary funding, either from local levies, third party beneficiaries or private finance, would need to be found to plug any shortfall between the central grant and the upfront cost of the project.
ICE says that while this is a positive step towards finding alternative sources of funding for flood risk management solutions - crucial in the face of significant public funding cuts - it warns that too much focus on households could undermine the protection and resilience of local, regional and even national infrastructure, which may be located outside of the residential area. While reference is made to ? resilience of public infrastructure? in Government?s proposed principles for the new approach it is not clear exactly what falls into this category and it is not a determining factor for how funding is allocated.
It calls for Government to extend the formula to reward the full range of current and future outcomes that a project can provide for the community including the benefits to vital regional and national economic infrastructure. This would help build resilience for power stations, roads, bridges and waste plants outside the residential area but vital for the local and, in the case of major disruption, the national, economy.
The report also raises concerns that projects may be scaled back if supplementary funding cannot be easily sourced. A more holistic approach would also serve to make projects more attractive to a wider group of beneficiaries and possible investors, for example infrastructure asset owners.
Chair of the report steering group Dick Thomas said ?Flooding is a local issue that can have major repercussions for the national economy, particularly the impact on critical infrastructure assets that underpin economic activity and, due to their interdependent nature, can quickly cause widespread disruption beyond the local area. The new funding approach could be a very powerful tool for changing the way we fund local projects but it is crucial that the formula is carefully designed to encourage private investment and protect our critical infrastructure.
?This should also reinforce the shift away from the unsustainable ?defend at all costs? approach,? he added.
Speaking on behalf of the ICE South West, Regional Director Trish Johnson said: ?This report is of crucial importance for both national and regional infrastructure. In the South West we are well aware of the impact that flooding can have - in July 2008 420,000 people in Gloucestershire were left without water and 50,000 without electricity and in November last year, flash floods halted all trains on the major line in and out of Cornwall effectively cutting it off from the rest of the UK network. It is vital we do not overlook critical infrastructure in local flood risk management strategies.?
Johnson also pointed out that several key transport networks in the South West such as the M5 from Gloucestershire through to Devon and the rail network East of Exeter are vulnerable to flood risk.